Architect Of Note

Paul Rudolph

Paul Marvin Rudolph (October 23, 1918 in Elkton, Kentucky – August 8, 1997 in New York, New York) was an American architect and the dean of the Yale School of Architecture for six years, known for his cubist building designs and highly complex floor plans. His most famous work is the Yale Art and Architecture Building (A&A Building), a spatially complex Brutalist concrete structure.
Rudolph earned his bachelor’s degree in architecture at Auburn University (then known as Alabama Polytechnic Institute) in 1940 and then moved on to the Harvard Graduate School of Design to study with Bauhaus founder Walter Gropius. After three years, he left to serve in the Navy for another three years, returning to Harvard to receive his masters in 1947.

He moved to Sarasota, Florida and partnered with Ralph Twitchell for four years until he started his own practice in 1951. Rudolph's Sarasota time is now part of the period labeled Sarasota Modern in his career.

Notable for its appearance in the 1958 book, Masters of Modern Architecture, the W. R. Healy House, built in 1950, was a one-story Sarasota house built on posts. The roof was concave, in order to allow rainwater to drain off. In addition, Rudolph used jalousie windows, which enabled the characteristic breezes to and from Sarasota Bay to flow into the house. Adaptation to the subtropical climate was central to his designs and Rudolph is considered one of the major architects in what is labeled the Sarasota School of Architecture.

Other Sarasota landmarks by Rudolph include the Sarasota County Riverview High School, built in 1957 as his first large scale project. There was a great deal of controversy in Sarasota, where many members of the community appealed for the retention of the historic building after the decision reached in 2006 by the county school board to demolish the structure. As Charles Gwathmey, the architect overseeing renovation of Art and Architecture Building at Yale, says:

“Riverview High School is a fantastic prototype of what today we call green architecture. He was so far ahead of his time, experimenting with sun screens and cross-ventilation. If it's torn down, I feel badly for architecture.”

In June 2009, it was demolished. Paul Rudolph's Florida houses attracted attention in the architectural community and he started receiving commissions for larger works such as the Jewett Art Center at Wellesley College. He took over the helm of the Yale School of Architecture as its dean in 1958, shortly after designing the Yale Art and Architecture Building. That building often is considered his masterpiece. He stayed on at Yale for six years until he returned to private practice. He designed the Temple Street Parking Garage, also in New Haven, in 1962.

He later designed the Government Service Center in Boston, First Church in Boston, the main campus of University of Massachusetts Dartmouth (originally known as Southeastern Massachusetts Technological Institute, and later as the Southeastern Massachusetts University), the Dana Arts Center at Colgate University, and the Burroughs Wellcome headquarters in North Carolina.  

While the Brutalist style fell out of favor in the U.S. during the 1970s, Rudolph's work evolved, and became in demand in other countries. Rudolph designed reflective glass office towers in this period, such as the City Center Towers in Fort Worth, which departed from his concrete works. Rudolph continued working on projects in Singapore, where he designed The Concourse office tower with its ribbon windows and interweaving floors, as well as projects in other Asian countries through the last years of his life. His work, the Lippo Centre, completed in 1987, is a landmark in the area near Admiralty Station of MTR in Hong Kong, and a culmination of Rudolph's ideas in reflective glass. In Indonesia Rudolph pieces of art can be found in Jakarta, Wisma Dharmala Sakti, and in Surabaya, Wisma Dharmala Sakti 2.

Rudolph died in 1997 at the age of seventy-eight in New York from mesothelioma, a cancer that almost always originates from exposure to asbestos.

Notable Work

·    Mr. Sewell C. Biggs Residence     1953   
·    S.A.E. Fraternity House for the University of Miami, FL   1953  
·    New Embassy for the United States Dept. of State, Amman, Jordan   1954  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Albert Bostwick Residence   Palm Beach, FL  1954  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Ingram Hook Guest Residence   Siesta Key, FL  1954  
·    Mrs. Wilson Residence   Sarasota, FL  1954  
·    Mr. and Mrs. J.V. Taylor Residence   Venice, FL  1954  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Philip Hiss Residence   Lido Shore, FL  1954  
·    Family of Man Exhibit   New York, NY  1954  
·    Jewett Arts center for Wellesley College   Wellesley, MA  1955  
·    Sarasota-Brandenport Airport   Sarasota, FL  1955  
·    Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Burgess Residence   Burgess Island FL  1955  
·    Experimental School for the Plywood Association   1955  
·    Four Model Houses for the Women's Home Companion   1956  
·    Model House Representing the Southeast Grand Rapids, MI  1956  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Frank Applebee Residence   Auburn, AL  1956   
·    Office Building for the Bramlett Equipment Company  Office  Miami, FL  1956  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Davidson Residence   Brandenton, FL  1956  
·    Inter-American Center  Exhibition  Miami, FL  1956  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Barnet Yanofsky Residence  Newton, MA  1956  
·    Public Beach Development  Siesta Key, FL  1956  
·    Riverview Junior/Senior High School Sarasota, FL  1957  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Martin Harkavy Residence   Lido Shores, FL  1957  
·    Blue Cross-Blue Shield Building  Office  Boston, MA  1957  
·    St. Boniface Episcopal Church   Sarasota, FL  1957  
·    Greeley Memorial Laboratory for Yale Forestry School   New Haven, CT  1957  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Theodore Burkhardt Residence   Casey Key, FL  1957  
·    Public Beach   Sarasota, FL  1957  
·    Sarasota High School Sarasota, FL  1958  
·    Art and Architecture Building for Yale University   New Haven, CT  1958  
·    Church Street Redevelopment Project   New Haven, CT  1958  
·    Mr. and Mrs. George McCandlish Residence  Cambridge, MA  1958  
·    Master Plan for Tuskegee Institute   Tuskegee, AL  1958  
·    Parking Garage for 1,500  Automobiles   New Haven, CT  1959  
·    May Memorial Unitarian Church  Public   1959  
·    Lake Region Yacht and Country Club   Winter Haven, FL  1959  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Ambler Liggett Residence   Tampa, FL  1959  
·    Married Student Housing for Yale University  Yale University New Haven, CT  1960  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Sidney Friedberg Residence  Baltimore, MD  1960  
·    Interdenominational Chapel for Tuskegee Institute   Tuskegee, AL  1960  
·    Administration Building for Tuskegee Institute   Tuskegee, AL  1960  
·    O'Brien's Motor Inn   Waverly, NY  1960  
·    Vacation House for Women's Day Magazine  1960  
·    Pharmaceutical Laboratory/Office/Manufacturing Building for ENDO Laboratories  Long Island, NY  1960  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Arthur W. Milam Residence   Jacksonville, FL  1960  
·    Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Daisley Residence   Inlet Cay, FL  1960  
·    Theme Center for New York World's Fair "Galaxon"   Flushing, NY  1960  
·    Cultural Center for Tuskegee Institute   Tuskegee, AL  1960  
·    Ford Foundation Theatre ,  1960  
·    Pi Kappa Phi Fraternity House University of FloridaGainesville, FL  1960  
·    Kappa Sigma Fraternity House,  Auburn University Auburn, TX  1961  
·    The Ideal Theatre for Ford Foundation Program in Humanities and the Arts  Culture   1961  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Fred Deering Residence  Residence  Casey Key, FL  1961  
·    Mr. and Mrs. N. Leslie Silvas Residence  Residence  Greenwich, CT  1961  
·    Mr. and Mrs. John W. Wallace Residence  Residential  Athens, AL  1961  
·    Addition to Juvenile Detention Home  Government  Bridgeport, CT  1961  
·    Holgate Restaurant  Commercial  Washington D.C.  1961  
·    IBM Corporation  Office/Industrial  East Fishkill, NY  1962  
·    Master Plan and Library for the Guilford Free Library Association,  Greenwich, CT  1962  
·    The Hotchkiss School  Academic  The Hotchkiss School Lakeville, CT  1962  
·    Christian Science Organization Building  Religious  University of Illinois  Urbana, IL  1962  
·    New County Office and Court House Building  Government  Goshen, NY  1963  
·    New Campus for Southeastern Massachusetts   North Dartmouth, MA  1963  
·    Beneficent House, Weybosset Hill Housing  Housing  Providence, RI  1963  
·    City Hall for Syracuse  Government  Syracuse, NY  1964  
·    Paul Rudolph Architectural Office  Office  New York, NY  1964  
·    John W. Chorley Elementary School  Academic  Middletown, NY  1964      Callahan Residence      Residence  Birmingham, AL  1965  
·    New Art Building for the Manoa Campus  Academic  University of Hawaii
·    Honolulu, HI  1965  
·    Mr. Stanley Kinney Residence  Residence  Hamilton, NY  1965  
·    Master Plan, Auditorium, Dormitories, Laboratories, Instruction and Recreation
·    Facilities for East Pakistan Agricultural University  Masterplan/Academic  East Pakistan Agricultural University
·    Mymensingh, East Pakistan  1966  
·    Master Plan, Town Houses, Apartments, Hotel, Boatel and Commercial Buildings
·    for Resort Community, Stafford Harbor  Masterplan/Housing  Stafford Harbor, VA  1966  
·    Sid Bass Physical Sciences Building for Texas Christian University  Academic  Fort Worth, TX  1966  
·    Monteith College Center for Wayne State University   Academic  Detroit, MI  1966  
·    Mr. Alexander Hirsch Residence  Residence  New York, NY  1966  
·    Master Plan and Three Office Buildings for Brookhollow Corporation  Commercial  Dallas, TX  1966  
·    John Jay Park for the Department of Parks   Recreation  New York, NY  1966  
·    Master Plan, Northwest #1 Urban Renewal Area   Masterplan/Housing  Washington D.C.  1966  
·    Apartment House, Community Center and Shopping Center, Northwest #1
·    Urban Renewal Area   Masterplan/Housing  Washington D.C.  1966  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Caspi Residence   Residence  New York, NY  1966  
·    Addition to Beth El Synagogue  Religious  New London, CT  1966  
·    Graphic Arts Center   Housing  New York, NY  1967  
·    Married Student Housing for the University of Virginia   Academic  University of Virginia
·    Charlottesville, VA  1967  
·    Ford Foundation grant to study the Lower Manhattan Expressway in
·    "New Forms of the Evolving City"  Masterplan/Housing  New York, NY  1967  
·    Dr. and Mrs. Frank Parcells Residence   Residence  Grosse Pointe, MI  1967  
·    Mr. Robert Brown Residence  Residence  New York, NY  1967  
·    Dr. Nathan Shore Dental Offices   Office  New York, NY  1967  
·    Three Parks and playgrounds for the Department of Parks   Recreation  New York, NY  1967  
·    Mrs. Henry J. Kaiser Residence   Residence  New York, NY  1967  
·    Endo Laboratories  Office  Garden City, NY  1967  
·    Apartment Building for the New York City Housing Authority   Housing  New York, NY  1967  
·    Apartment Building for the New York City Housing Authority   Housing  New York, NY  1967  
·    Fox Hill Development for the DeMatteis Development Company   Housing  Staten Island, NY  1967  
·    Tracey Towers   Housing  Bronx, NY  1967  
·    Oriental Gardens   Housing  New Haven, CT  1968  
·    Student Union for the Southeastern Massachusetts Technological Institute   Academic  North Dartmouth, MA  1968  
·    Stadium for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  Recreation  Dammam, Saudi Arabia  1968  
·    Housing for Magnolia Homes   Housing  Vicksburg, MS  1968  
·    Government Center including new City Hall, library, plaza, police station, bank,
·    Federal office building and garage  Government  New Haven, CT  1968  
·    Fort Lincoln Housing for the District of Columbia Redevelopment Land Agency   Housing  Washington, D.C.  1968  
·    Mr. Herbert Green Residence  Residence  Cherry Ridge, PA  1968  
·    Study of the uses of extruded cement asbestos for United States Plywood   New York, NY  1968  
·    Church and related facilities for First Church  Religious  Boston, MA  1968  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Harry Raich Residence  Residence  Quogue, NY  1969  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Arne Lewis Residence  Residence  Boston, MA  1969  
·    Burroughs Wellcome Company (USA) Corporate Headquarters  Office  Research Triangle Park, NC  1969  
·    Central Library for the City of Niagara Falls  Culture  Niagara Falls, NY  1969  
·    Waterfront Development Project for the New York State
·    Urban Development Corporation  Masterplan/Housing  Buffalo, NY  1969  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Richard Pistell Residence  Residence  Lyford Cay
·    Nassau, Bahamas  1969  
·    Natural Science Building for the State University College at Purchase  Academic  Purchase, NY  1969  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Gardner Cowles Residence  Residence  New York, NY  1969  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Maurice Deane Residence  Residence  Great Neck, NY  1969  
·    1970-1979
·    725 Units of Public Housing for the New York State Urban Development Corporation  Housing  New York, NY  1970  
·    Ten Apartment Towers for the DeMatteis Development Company  Housing  Kew Gardens, NY  1970  
·    Site Selection for a Civic Center for the Rockford Metropolitan Exhibition,
·    Auditorium and Office Building Authority  Culture  Rockford, IL  1970  
·    Central Suffolk Office Park  Office  Hauppauge, NY  1970  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Sid R. Bass Residence  Residence  Fort Worth, TX  1970  
·    Dr. and Mrs. John M. Shuey Residence  Residence  Bloomfield Hills, MI  1970  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Maurits Edersheim Residence  Residence  New York, NY  1970  
·    Civic Center for the Rockford Metropolitan Exhibition, Auditorium and
·    Office Building Authority  Culture  Rockford, IL  1970  
·    Urban Complex for the K. & S. Fakhri Brothers  Office  Beirut, Lebanon  1971  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Bert Dweck Residence  Residence  Deal, NJ  1971  
·    Daiei House & Company Office Building  Office  Tokyo, Japan  1971  
·    Mr. and Mrs. William Davidson Residence  Residence  Bloomfield Hills, MI  1971  
·    Dr. and Mrs. Louis Micheels Residence  Residence  Westport, CT  1972  
·    Mr. and Mrs. John Pilsbury Residence  Residence  Cannes, France  1972  
·    Entrecanales y Tavora Office Building  Office  Madrid, Spain  1972  
·    Community Facilities Complex for the New York State Urban Development Corporation  Housing  Buffalo, NY  1972  
·    Mr. and Mrs. John B. Rogers Residence  Residence  Houston, TX  1972  
·    Mr. Maurits Edersheim Office for Drexel, Burnham & Company  Office  New York, NY  1972  
·    Staten Island Community College Building  Academic  Staten Island, NY  1972  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Erwin Staller Residence  Residence  Lloyd Harbor, NY  1973  
·    East Northport Jewish Center Synagogue Addition and Masterplan  Culture  East Northport, NY  1973  
·    Housing for 200 Students for Davidson College  Housing  Davidson College
·    Davidson, NC  1973  
·    3,500 Dwelling Units for the Carol Housing Corporation  Housing  Miami, FL  1973  
·    Pitts Theological Library Renovation for the Candler School of Theology at Emory University  Culture  Emory University
·    Atlanta, GA  1974  
·    Apartment Hotel for the Pan-Lon Engineering & Construction Company  Housing  Jerusalem, Israel  1974  
·    Mr. Neil C. Morgan Residence  Residence  Aspen, CO  1974  
·    Morgan Annex Housing Study for the New York State Urban Development Corporation  Housing  New York, NY  1974  
·    Recreation Complex for the New York State Urban Development Corporation  Recreation/Leisure  Buffalo, NY  1974  
·    Mr. Gary Strutin Residence  Residence  New Rochelle, NY  1975  
·    Miss. Nancy Houston Residence  Residence  Westerly, RI  1975  
·    Cannon Chapel at the Candler School of Theology at Emory University  Culture  Emory University
·    Atlanta, GA  1975  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Robert Bernhard Residence Addition  Residence  Greenwich, CT  1976  
·    Burroughs Wellcome Company Headquarters Addition  Office  Research Triangle Park, NC  1976  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Robert Fein Residence Addition  Residence  Sands Point, NY  1977  
·    Dr. Benjamin Vallo Residence  Residence  New York, NY  1978  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Richard Young Residence  Residence  Livingston Manor, NY  1978  
·    Tuskegee Institute Master Plan and College Entrance  Masterplanning  Tuskegee Institute
·    Tuskegee, AL  1978  
·    Harrington Cancer Care Center  Office  Amarillo, TX  1978  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Rafael Carrillo Residence  Residence  New York, NY  1978  
·    Residential & Commercial Complex for the Donald Zucker Company  Housing  New York, NY  1978  
·    Dance Studio and Apartments in the Northeast  Housing  not sited  1978  
·    Toxicology/Experimental Pathology Building for the Burroughs Wellcome Company  Office  Research Triangle Park, NC  1978  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Dani Siegel Residence Remodeling  Residence  Westhampton Beach, NY  1978  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Donald Zucker Residence Remodeling  Residence  New York, NY  1978  
·    Marina Center Urban Development Sites for Hong Fok Investment Holdings Private Ltd.  Housing  Singapore  1979  
·    Two Office Buildings and Parking for Bass Brothers Enterprises  Office  Fort Worth, TX  1979  
·    Palmer Road Complex for Hong Fok Investment Holdings Private Ltd.  Housing  Singapore  1979  
·    74 Unit Apartment Building for Hong Fok Investment Holdings Private Ltd.  Housing  Singapore  1979  
·    1980-1989
·    The Colonnade Condominiums for the Pontiac Land Private Ltd.  Housing  Singapore  1980  
·    Ten Bungalows for the Hong Fok Investment Holding Company, Ltd.  Housing  Hong Kong  1980  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Henry Kwee Residence  Residence  Singapore  1980  
·    Corporate Headquarters for the Electronic Data Systems Corporation  Office  Dallas, TX  1980  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Hugh Downs Residence  Residence  Connecticut  1980  
·    Offices for Mr. Stanley Marsh III  Office  Amarillo, TX  1980  
·    Television Station for Mr. Stanley Marsh III  Culture  Amarillo, TX  1980  
·    Coffee Memorial Blood Bank  Office  Amarillo, TX  1981  
·    Oxley Rise Condominium Housing for the Hong Fok Investment Pte., Ltd.  Housing  Singapore  1981  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth Sherman Residence Alteration and Addition  Residence  Wilton, CT  1981  
·    Office and Shopping Complex for the Hong Fok Investment Pte., Ltd.  Office  Singapore  1981  
·    Cambridge Research and Development Group - Office Alteration  Office  Westport, CT  1981  
·    Wisma Dharmala Sakti Office Headquarters  Office  Jakarta, Indonesia  1982  
·    Burroughs Wellcome Company - South Building Expansion  Office  Research Triangle Park, NC  1982  
·    Master Plan for the Burroughs Wellcome Company  Masterplan  Research Triangle Park, NC  1982  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Mark Edersheim Residence Alterations  Residence  Mamaroneck, NY  1982  
·    Residence for Beverly Park Estates  Residence  Beverly Hills, CA  1982  
·    General Daniel "Chappie" James Center for Aerospace Science and
·    Health Education  Academic  Tuskegee Institute
·    Tuskegee, AL  1982  
·    Mr. Michael Floersheim and Dr. Strauss Residence  Residence  New York, NY  1983  
·    Mr. John B. Rogers Residence Addition  Residence  Palm Beach, FL  1983  
·    Research Laboratory for Bristol-Myers  Office  Connecticut  1983  
·    Dr. and Mrs. Hillel Tobias Residence Remodeling  Residence  Remsenburg, NY  1983  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Eisner Residence Remodeling  Residence  Westport, CT  1984  
·    Science Building for the Southeastern Massachusetts Technological Institute  Academic  North Dartmouth, MA  1984  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Michael Glazer Residence  Residence  Los Angeles, CA  1984  
·    Mr. and Mrs. George Pavarini Residence  Residence  Greenwich, CT  1984  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Wylie Tuttle Residence  Residence  Rock Hall, MD  1984  
·    The Bond Centre Office and Commercial Building  Office  Hong Kong  1984  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Marvin Licht Residence Addition and Alteration  Residence  Hewlett Harbor, NY  1985  
·    Macy's Department Store  Commercial  Danbury, CT  1985  
·    Macy's Department Store  Commercial  Birmingham, AL  1985  
·    Fisher Island Hotel and Condominiums  Housing  Miami, FL  1985  
·    Mr. Cheng Wai Keung Residence  Residence  Singapore  1986  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Murphy Residence  Residence  Greenwich, CT  1986  
·    Blue Cross-Blue Shield Building Addition  Office  Boston, MA  1986  
·    Mr. Bert Dweck Residence  Residence  Deal, NJ  1986  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Donald Engel Residence Renovation and Addition  Residence  Harrison, NY  1986  
·    Mr. Richard Treistman Residence Renovation and Addition  Residence  Englewood, NJ  1986  
·    Institution Hill Housing Development for the Pontiac Land Private Ltd.  Housing  Singapore  1987  
·    Modulightor Inc. Commercial Office, Showroom and Manufacturing Facility  Commercial  New York, NY  1988  
·    Exhibition for the Steelcase Design Partnership  Exhibition  New York, NY  1988  
·    Apartment Building with Plaza for 32nd Street Southeast Company  Housing  New York, NY  1989  
·    U.S. Courthouse and Federal Municipal Office Building  Office  New York, NY  1989  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Mark Edersheim Residence Addition  Residence  Mamaroneck, NY  1989  
·    Mr. Mark Edersheim Office at Drexel Burnham Lambert, Inc.  Office  New York, NY  1989  
·    Renovation of Commercial Office and Apartment Building  Office/Housing  New York, NY  1989  
·    Office Building for the Sino Land Company, Ltd.  Commercial  Hong Kong  1989  
·    1990-1999
·    Cikini Office Building for The Dharmala Group  Office  Jakarta, Indonesia  1990  
·    Gatot Subroto Office Building for The Dharmala Group  Office  Jakarta, Indonesia  1990  
·    Surabaya Hotel and Office Building for The Dharmala Group  Office  Surabaya, Indonesia  1990  
·    A New Town for 250,000 People - Pantai Timur Surabaya Town for
·    The Dharmala Group  Masterplan  Surabaya, Indonesia  1990  
·    "International Building" Office and Commercial Building for the Hong Fok Corporation  Office  Singapore  1990  
·    "Medical Building" Office Building for the Pontiac Land Private Ltd.  Office  Singapore  1990  
·    Harrington Cancer Care Center for the Panhandle Area Cancer Council  Office  Amarillo, TX  1990  
·    The Future Condominiums  Housing  New York, NY  1990  
·    Mr. Wee Ee Chao Residence  Residence  Singapore  1990  
·    "Waduk Melati" Urban Development Project  Masterplan  Jakarta, Indonesia  1990  
·    Mr. and Mrs. Mark Edersheim Residence - Front Addition  Residence  Mamaroneck, NY  1991  
·    Addition to Office Building in Dallas, Texas for Mr. Sjukur Pudjiadi of Jakarta, Indonesia  Office  Dallas, TX  1991  
·    Design Project for Petrafina, Inc.  Office  New York, NY  1991  
·    Chapel for Maris Stella University  Religious  Maris Stella University
·    Singapore  1993  
·    Dr. and Mrs. David Eu Residence  Residence  Singapore  1994  
·    Mr. Jonathan Formanek Residence  Residence  Memphis, TN  1994  
·    Mrs. Donald Engel Pavilion  Residence  Harrison, NY  1994  
·    Mr. Ernst Wagner Residence  Residence  Switzerland  1994  
·    Addition to The Concourse Office Tower  Office  Singapore  1994  
·    Luxury Apartment Complex for Mr. Wee Ee Chao  Housing  Hong Kong  1994  
·    Surabaya Office Building for The Dharmala Group  Office  Surabaya, Indonesia  1994  
·    Office for Mr. Mark Edersheim , Smith Barney  Office  New York, NY  1994  
·    Mr. Edmund Chang Residence  Residence  Singapore  1995  
·    Proposed Tower Complex for Gedung University  Academic  Gedung University
·    Atmajaya, Jakarta  1995  
·    Office for Special Counsel  Office  New York, NY  1995